PENTAX K1000 – Simplicity and reliability in your hands.

Simplicity and reliability in your hands. That’s the Pentax K1000. A mechanical camera produced from 1976 to 1997 by Asahi Optical Co., Ltd. (Japan). This camera requires a single battery (LR44 or equivalent) to activate the light meter. If you get a Pentax K1000 with a broken light meter, you can always use it calculating the correct exposure with the “Sunny 16 rule” or some “Light Meter app” from your cellphone.

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My Pentax K1000 is a SE version, with brown leather.

Previous cameras from Pentax (like the Spotmatic) used the M42 lens mount, invented by the Germans in the late 1930’s. The Pentax K1000 and other models of the same era (1975/1976), starts using the K lens mount, the Pentax’s own design that can be found in their modern cameras. Pentax lenses are legendary for their excellent optics. Especially the SMC lenses.
Note: I’m not an expert in K mount lenses. You should check the K lenses compatibility before using any modern Pentax lens in a Pentax K1000 or any other Pentax film slr.

Since the K1000 is a straightforward design, this is what you have to know:Pentax controls-3

  1. Shutter button.
  2. Shutter speed dial. (it has the ASA/ISO dial, too)
  3. Film advance lever (and the film frame counter)
  4. Film rewind crank.**
  5. Hot shoe for the flash unit.

** Note: Remember to press down the silver button on the base of the camera prior to attempt to rewind the film!

The shutter speed dial goes from “Bulb” to a 1/1000 of a second. (The flash unit will sync at 1/60 of a second.)  And you can set the ASA (Iso) dial from 20 ISO all the way to 3200 ISO.

The K1000 doesn’t have a “self timer lever” or exposure compensation functions.
There is nothing you can do about the lack of “self timer” feature. If We talk about the “exposure compensation”, well, you can always trust your eye to determine if there is necessary to over or underexpose the scene, before firing the shutter.

Don’t you hate when you forgot if the shutter is ready to fire or not??  The K1000 has a clever feature to solve this. When you cock the shutter mechanism, an orange dot can be seen next to the shutter button. That’s your “ready to fire” reminder and film saver!

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Pentax cover

In the 35mm film slr history, the K1000 has a lot of significance. Since it’s introduction in the mid 1970’s, this Pentax model was the camera that initiate a lot of people into photography. And even today, it’s a reliable camera! Just get some great Pentax  lenses, and you’ll have a solid contender against any modern Dslr (and for a fraction of the cost).

What are you waiting to get yours??!

Thanks for reading!


When you wonder: Why?

We are not in this world by chance. We all have a purpose. I’m still trying to find my own reason to be here. And yes! Sometimes, when I look up at the night sky I ask for wisdom to answer to myself “why?”.

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But even when I haven’t answered my inner doubts yet, I know that you can always make a difference in other people’s life. Being part of a bigger plan than ourselves, could be our whole reason to be here.

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Without even knowing, I was part of a great invisible plan. A secret scheme that one day brought this two wonderful souls together.

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Meet Pau & Yennarow. My cousin and my best friend. Today, I’m proud to say they are together because they knew me, before they knew each other.


Don’t be afraid to ask yourself “Why?”

Thanks for reading!


Ok. Different as you may think right from the title of this post, this is not about the “meaningless war between Film and Digital”. This is about the positive things that each “medium” has to offer. As I said, in the end, you’re just creating images. Using Film or a digital sensor, it’s just the way that you choose to capture moments. All this next photos were shot on 24th february 2016. Some of them with film (Nikon FE) and others with a digital camera (Nikon D610).
I won’t make this a long reading. If you want technical data about film or Digital, I’m sure you could find more precise information out there on Google or whispered in your ear by Alien’s wisdom (weird black humour of mine).
But I will tell you, I love the colors of film, and not just that! If you learn how to develop your own rolls (it’s very easy, actually), you’ll feel more involved in the whole photographic process. Ladies and gentlemen, THAT’S QUITE REWARDING!
Nevertheless, you have to try a few different brands and types of film manufacturers before you can find your favorite emulsions. But that’s ok! Just follow your inner voice and be as curious as a cat.
In the other side of the moon, we have Digital! And digital is great. It’s versatile, you can see (as a preview, at least) the photo as soon as you take it. Many of you, probably are digital photographers, so it’s almost pointless to write down the obvious.

I confess! Most of the time (always) I do the editing of my digital photos with “film presets” (Adobe Lightroom + VSCO are a perfect match)… So, I end up with “real film” and “digital film”! But that’s the beauty and versatility of digital files!

The next photos were shot with Fuji Superia 400. Developed at home @1 stop with C41 process.

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Fuji Superia 400 – A personal favorite

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She is my cousin Paula. The most creative person that I know! (Superia 400)

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more Fuji Superia 400

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Yes! Sometimes I shot the photos underexposed against the bright sky. I like the way the clouds and the silhouettes complement each other. — Fuji Superia 400.

The next photos were shot with a Nikon D610 which my friend Fabian gave me that night to play around for a while.

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Fabian’s Nikon D610 — ISO 6400 – F/1.6 @ 1/5 sec

The latest digital cameras with their high ISO capacity, literally “can see at night”.
All those photos were shot at ISO 6400 with a F/1.4 50mm Nikkor lens. Sometimes I used it at f/1.6 or f/1.8. I was able to hand hold the camera at shutter speeds of 1/5 of a second, only with moonlight and occasional spotlights of artificial light. Focus the lens it’s a challenge when your eyes can’t see in near darkness. But that’s the only way to put modern technology to the test!

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Nikon D610 — ISO 6400 – F/1.6 – 1/5 sec

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(same settings of the previous photo)

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Nikon D610 — ISO 6400 – F/2 – 1/4 Sec

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Fuji Superia 800 — Shot at ISO 1600 — F/1.8 — 30 seconds exposure

In the end, no matter if you choose digital or if you want to try film (for a change).
Just make every photo in your Canister/ SD memory count! Capture life. Create.

Thanks for reading!

You can see Paula’s work at

Go out (&) live!

I’d wish to go out more often. Weekends comes and go, but sometimes, we just let them pass without any significance or meaning. Wasted days, that never going to come back.  If you’re reading this, please, do yourself a favor! Go out. Make some memories. LIVE!

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(slightly out of focus) Fabian Madrigal, a very talented photographer that I had the luck to meet!

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Fabian & Adri. Creating memories.

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That’s me, chasing light. (by Fabian Madrigal)

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I used a Nikon FE & Fuji Superia 400. (Developed at home @ 1 stop)

Fabian uses a Nikon D610. You can see his work at:

All photos were shot in Zarcero, Alajuela, Costa Rica.

Thanks for watching!




Nikon FE: A classic that you should own!

This is something that I should have done a long time ago. If you’re familiar with Nikon models, maybe you already know about this camera or at least heard about it. On a different scenario, maybe you have never heard about the FE before, and you are out there missing a great opportunity to own one of the trustful and finest cameras made by Nikon in the late 70’s.

For many of you, especially if you know about classic slrs cameras, this reading may appear basic and bored. But I can’t tell who’s gonna read this in the future. And you have to consider the possibility that first time film shooters or no-Nikon shooters, may find this information useful. The idea of writing this post, is to be informative to all those that are willing to learn. Thanks for your compression.

A brief introduction.

The FE is a 35mm film slr. It was introduced by Nikon in 1978 and it’s production runs until 1983. It wasn’t designed to be a “Pro Model”, it was intended to be an advanced semi-professional camera. Nevertheless, it’s a versatile slr that won’t disappoint you. Actually, once you buy one FE, it’s probably that you’ll consider to get a second camera,,, (or more).


View of the right side of the camera controls. 


* Shutter speed that goes from 8 seconds to a 1/1000 of a second. Also the “bulb mode” for a long exposures (a tripod and cable release is need it for this). As you can see, the 1/125 speed is painted in red. It means that’s  the maximum velocity to sync with external flash units.

*Aperture priority mode. (Further explanation below)

*Can be use it without battery at 1/90 of a second (M90) and  “Bulb mode”

*Self timer.

*Depth of field preview lever.

*Dedicated double exposure lever. (Further explanation below)

*Can be used with Pre-AI lenses (also known as Non-AI)

As indicated in the last feature listed, the FE can use Pre-AI lenses, AI, AI-S (included the Series E) and D series lenses. The G Series is the only exception, due to the fact that those lenses don’t have aperture ring. But even with the G Series aside, you can still choose from a huge selection of lenses from different periods. Many classic lenses have wonderful optics and can be found for a great price.


An example of Nikon’s Camera/lens flexibility. From left to right: Lens types: Pre-AI, Serie E (Ai), Ai & Serie D.

The Nikon FE it’s a manual camera. That means that you have to focus manually using the focus ring of the lens. When you attach a D series lens to the camera, the AF feature of the lens won’t be useful.
The lack of autofocus it’s not a problem for me. Just consider this: Many of the the most iconic photos of history were taken with manual cameras…. and yes, using FILM !

How to use a Non-AI lens in a Ai/Ai-s camera??
The Nikon designers knew that many users back then had the older type Non-AI lenses. So, they came up with the idea of make a retractable coupling pin. Before attaching any Pre-Ai lens, you have to press a tiny button and then pull up the pin. Let’s see the the pictures below.


Press (and while keep it pressed) pull up the coupling pin that is on the left.


When the pin is been pulled on the “up” position, it’s safe to attach the Non-Ai lens. Not following these procedure, may damage the lens, the camera´s lens mount or both!


That’s a Nikkor  50mm f/2 Pre-Ai lens mounted on the FE. Once you remove the Pre-Ai lens, there is no need to press the silver button again. The coupling pin will fall back down into position as soon as you touch it.

Note: To be able to calculate the correct exposure with a Pre-AI lens, you have to press the depth of field lever (and while keep the lever pressed) then make the exposure adjustments.

Before loading film, check the battery!

The Nikon FE uses 2 L44 Lithium batteries. Those batteries power the metering system of the camera. The batteries will last a couple of years with regular use. However, they are inexpensive and readily available, if you’re extremely cautious, it won’t hurt the camera to put fresh batteries once a year. When the batteries are low powered, the camera will stuck up the mirror when you press the shutter. In that case, you’ll have to select the M90 speed from the shutter speed dial in order to make the mirror go down again. But before go to those extremes, you can check the camera’s battery power with the power check lever.


The Power Check lever it’s located in the upper left back of the camera. Just pull it down nicely. If there is bright red light, you’re ok. When the light starts getting dimmer, it’s time to look for your backup batteries.

Now you can load the camera with your favorite film. This process is almost identical to other 35mm slrs. By now, my two FE’s are already loaded with a fresh rolls. So, I’ll skip to show this part. There is something different that you have to do, before loading a FE with film. But also you have to do it again right before take out the used film, so let’s put an “imaginary mark” right now (**) I’ll cover that topic later on 😉

How to “turn on” the FE?

If everything in this life were as simple as “turn on” a Nikon FE! Just turn slightly to the right the camera film advance lever until a big and obvious painted red dot gets visible ( 1 ). At that point, the two needles inside the viewfinder will start to move according to the light readings. See the picture below.


1) The red dot indicates that the camera is “on”. 2) The shutter. 3) The film counter window. 4) The film advance lever.

Once the camera is loaded with film. Turn the film advance lever all the way to right side. The camera will transport the film and the numbers on the film counter window should move as well. Press the shutter and repeat the procedure until you reach number “zero”. After pressing the shutter on “zero”, the next frame you advance, will be the first photo. Although, you can use “zero” as your first frame, if you like.
NOTE: The film advance lever works with an internal spring. To help the lever´s spring service life, do not store your camera with the shutter unfired. Also, turn left the film advance lever, to make sure that you “turn off” the camera and the batteries won’t drain it’s charge.

The Viewfinder.

As I was mentioned before, the FE uses a system that have two needles. When you look through the viewfinder, you’ll see a column on the left side with the shutter speed numbers and two needles. There is one green needle, which corresponds to the shutter speed selected by you. The other needle is black and indicates the selected aperture of the lens. The idea is to make some adjustments with the settings that you want, until those two needles match


The “B” indicates the “Bulb mode”. The “M” when you are at M90 shutter speed. The “A” means that you are on “Auto” mode.

In the upper middle of the viewfinder (not pictured), there is a small window that shows the current aperture (f/stop) number of the lens. The FE reads the light of the scene through-the-lens (TTL) with a silicon photodiode light meter, with a 60/40 percent center weighted ratio. The 60% in a circle the middle of the viewfinder. The 40% left, is distributed in the corners of the viewfinder screen. If you have to take a photo with a harsh backlight, you’ll have to *compensate the exposure or AE lock the exposure and then recompose the image.  *(Further explanation below)

The FE doesn’t have interchangeable pentaprism, but you can change its focusing screens (Available Types K, E & B). Although, I don’t think that will be necessary. The default Type K is just fine. The viewfinder covers approximately a 93% of the image.

Aperture Priority or “Auto” mode.

There is one “automatic” mode introduced by the Nikon FE. After setting the ISO (ASA) speed and selecting a desired aperture from the lens, you could let the camera calculate the shutter speed by turning the dial on the “auto” position.
At this setting, the camera will select the correct shutter speed according to the light of the scene. This setting could be useful if you’re in a situation where you can’t waste precious seconds to make all the three adjustments separately (ISO — f/ stop — shutter).


When you set the camera to “Auto”, the shutter speed dial will locked. Don’t force it! You have to press the silver button on the middle of the dial. While you keep it pressed, turn the dial in any direction to “get out from auto mode”.

Personally, I only have used the “auto mode” once. I was in a moving car, wasting film on “landscapes” (or at least that was my idea), but since the light changes randomly and sometimes to fast to make adjustments, it was a perfect time to “test the Auto mode” of the FE.
Next, a couple of sample pictures:

FE 13

Plenty of available sunlight at noon.

FE 14

Moody light at late afternoon.

As you can see, under different light conditions, the camera auto mode was accurate to calculate the correct exposure. So, if you’re in a hurry, just relax! The FE can handle it 😉
(In case you’re wondering, that’s Agfa Vista 200 )

A dedicated tool for creative photography!

The Nikon FE have a dedicated feature to help creative minds have fun with double/multiple exposures. Under the base of the film advance lever, there is a secondary lever that retracts when you press it backwards. (Next to number 5)


After taking the first photo. Keep the double exposure lever pressed towards you. Don’t let it loose. While holding it pressed, turn to the right side the film advance lever to “load a new frame of film”. Well, you actually aren’t moving the film inside the camera. You’re cocking the shutter mechanism to take another photo, but inside the camera, this “double exposure lever” prevents the film keeps moving forward. So, when you press the shutter of the camera, the image captured will be recorded in the same previous frame of film. With this feature, you can make double or multiple exposures. Keep in mind the ISO of the film and the numbers of exposures on every frame. If you over-exposed the film many times or with the incorrect settings, you could end up with a photo with no image on it.

Self timer, AE lock & Depth of Field preview.

Located on the front of the right side of the camera, you will see a lever with a round base ( 6 ). That lever is the self timer of the camera. But this lever has a double function. If you move it all the way to the side marked as “A”, the lever will lock until you press the shutter. That’s the “self timer” function. After a few seconds, the lever will return to it’s default position and the camera will take the picture. I haven’t use a chronometer to test the time that it takes to shutter the photo, but if I would have to guess, I’ll say that takes approximately eight seconds.
If you move the lever toward the “B” mark, the camera will lock the exposure on the current light reading. (AE lock)
Note: If you push the lever to the “B” direction, the lever won’t keep that position if you let it loose, so, you have to keep pressing it down.


6A — Self Timer: Push it to the “A” direction until it locks. 6BAE lock: Push it towards the lens (“B” direction). Keep it pressed down as long as you need it.  7 — Depth of Field Preview / Pre-Ai Lens exposure light reader.

The Depth of field preview lever (7) works when you pressed backwards (to the body of the camera). Internally, this lever closes the aperture blades of the lens to help you to pre visualize the depth of field of the settings that you have selected.
When there is a Non-Ai (Pre-Ai) lens attach to the camera, you have to use the Depth of field preview in order to calculate the exposure. Remember that Pre-Ai lenses were an older lens technology, even back in the day for FE users. Having the privilege to use those “old lenses”on a “newer” camera body was a “borrowed feature”, and you have to pay for it, somehow. But if you’re an objective person, you’ll see that pressing down a lever (a very smooth lever) to calculate the exposure, is not the end of the world. There are a lot of Pre-AI lenses out there with beautiful optics and labeled with low prices. Knowing that, just keep pushing a lever down, won’t kill you. Besides, you could use a dedicated “Light meter” or a cellphone app to set the exposure.

Non-Ai lenses also can be modified to be used as “Ai lenses”. You can learn to modified the lenses by yourself or you could ask to a qualified technician in a camera store or repair shop, to do it for you. 🙂

ISO dial and Exposure Compensation control.

At the top left of the camera, you’ll find the ISO (ASA) dial. This dial shares its design with the Exposure Compensation control and the film crank (which also can be use to open the back film door of the camera, prior to load or unload film) — See the picture below.


8) In order to change the ISO speed, you have to press the silver button (just below the 8 number of the illustration). While you keep it pressed, turn the dial to the film speed needed. The red index in the left side of the photo, shows the marking of the ISO setting that was selected.

To change the Exposure compensation, grab firmly the outer silver ring of the ISO dial, where the little red dot is aligned with the “zero value”. Carefully pull it up and proceed to rotate to +EV or -EV values, according to your adjustment needs.

9) Let’s say that you are happy taking pictures with your beautiful FE. Wishing to have some sort of magic roll of film that never it’s gonna end! But without notice, you just finished  the last frame of the roll. What is going to happen next, is that your film advance lever won’t  move to it’s complete final position and your shutter will lock. You confirm your worse fear. The film frame counter window tells you that there is not more film frames to shoot. Unless you have more film with you, the fun is over! In that case DO NOT FORCE THINGS! Just proceed as it follows:  Do you remember the “imaginary mark” that I’d mentioned earlier?? (related to the topic about loading/unloading film to the FE) Well, that’s number 9! Before attempt to open the film door in the back of the camera with the film crank lever, you have to look under your camera plate for a little silver pin and press it down until gets loose (see number 13 in the next photo), rewind the film with the crank in the direction that the white painted arrow suggests. Once the film is completely rewind, press down towards to you, the little black lever (positioned right where the “number 9” is picture) and while keep it in that position, pull up the film crank lever, until the film door opens.

10) Hot shoe for flash units.

11) In the upper front left of the camera, there is a small circle. That’s the  PC sync terminal to connect the camera with flash units at the maximum set value of 1/125 of a second.

12) The viewfinder of the camera. It’s worth to mention that the viewfinder ring is threaded to accept diopter ocular pieces to correct visual problems of the user (not included with the camera — Sold separately).


13) As mentioned above at point 9), you have to press down the silver pin before rewind the film with the crank.

14) Tripod thread. Necessary for glorious long exposure photos.

15) Battery door. You can open it with coin.

16 A & 16 B) Terminal connections for MD-11 or MD-12 motor drives.

Where can you get a Nikon FE camera?

You can find a nice and clean unit on Ebay between $65 to a $115. Excellent condition FE could cost you $100 and above. Depends of the camera conditions and the criteria of the seller. My black FE cost me $40. It functions as it should, but has a few scratches. Nothing major, but the previous owner didn’t love her anymore just for that. Keep in mind that the “newest FE” out there, was produced in 1983. That’s more than 30 years! Of course they gonna have little blemishes, even when they are tough cameras. But sometimes you find great deals!
Note: Always read the description of the seller. Extremely cheap film cameras, are often sell for “parts only” or “repair”. Read carefully!


Doesn’t matter if you are a Nikon fan or not. If you like film photography, this Nikon camera is definitely a “must have ! “ You can find the FE in a black and silver color or a black version only. You can choose the more appropriate version to your liking.  Or do it like me: Get the two FE versions!

A discrete camera in size, packet it with a lot a great features and compatibility with a lot of quality Nikkor lenses…. Is there something not to like about the Nikon FE?
Get yourself one FE, grab a few rolls of your favorite 35mm film stocks and fall in love with her on a weekend getaway!

Thanks for reading this! 😉

Nikon F100. A Modern Classic !

These are my thoughts about the Nikon F100. I’m not claiming to be a “camera gurú” or any kind of expert. And certainly I won’t talk about “specifications” (you can find them all over the web).

I just love photography as hobby and as an expression. After months and months of having this Nikon model running around my head, I came across with a beautiful "almost new condition" F100 on Ebay. For just $125, it was no brainer! After months and months of having this Nikon model running around my head, I came across with a beautiful “almost new condition” F100 on Ebay. For just $125, it was no brainer!

Left: Nikon D7000 (dslr) Right: Nikon F100 (35mm film) Even when the F100 is wider camera in size, its fairly slimmer than the digital D7000.

                Left: Nikon D7000 (dslr)                                       Right: Nikon F100 (35mm film)

Even when the F100 is wider camera in size, its fairly slimmer than the digital D7000.

My Iphone's photo doesn't make justice to the F100's big and bright 96% coverage viewfinder. One of the nicer features of shooting with 35mm cameras. My Iphone’s photo doesn’t make justice to the F100’s big and bright 96% coverage viewfinder. One of the nicer features of shooting with 35mm cameras. (or “full frame” on the digital side)

Nikon-F100-05   I started to shooting film (again) not too much time ago. And my first 35mm slr, was this beautiful Nikon FE. With the FE, you have to advance the film manually with the camera’s lever; so, it’s easy to forget that your F100 is not a modern digital, and you have to be cautious and not waste your film! It’s easy to get excited and get carried away with the F100!

Nikon-F100-06 In summary: *If you love/want to try shooting 35 mm film. * If you’re a Nikon camera’s fan or already have Nikkor lenses with no use. This camera, for the price and it’s features is a bargain and “a must have”. Truly, a Modern Classic. What are you waiting to get yours??

Hand coloring old photos – – The things you do out of boredom.

This next photos are the example of a technique that I use to give color to old black and white pictures. I won’t lie! Takes a lot of time and patience to achieve it. But if you are “obsessed with color” (like me) and have a lot of hours to kill time, why not give it a try?? I use Gimp. I duplicate several layers with different opacity (and colors). Then I paint the “base layer” using the brush tool. In the end, I merge the layers and save the image.

If your eyes get too tired, you can always save it as a project and continue it later.

I love the color that results. It looks to me like the examples of Kodachrome I've saw on the internet. A film that sadly I won't going to use...

I love the color that results. It looks to me like the examples of Kodachrome I’ve saw on the internet. A film that sadly I won’t going to use…

98% finished. The skin color is the hard part. You have to pay special attention to its color tone to get a "realistic result".

98% finished. The skin color is the hard part. You have to pay special attention to its color tone to get a “realistic result”.

I even changed the hair color of Marilyn in this one!

I even changed the hair color of Marilyn in this one!